One of the biggest challenges for health professionals is to formulate a well-designed and well-designed plan to help patients and caregivers. Care planning is an essential part of health care but is often misunderstood or considered a waste of time. Without a specific document defining the care plan, important issues will probably be overlooked. Care planning offers a kind of ‘roadmap’ to guide all those involved in the care for the patient/resident. The care plan has long been associated with nursing; however, all health professionals must be assisted in the care process. In the world today, very expensive health insurance policies are not viable for most people. That is why the government must play a crucial role in ensuring that “health care” is impartially and effectively offered to all citizens.
At the beginning оf the 20th сеnturу, a nеw concept, thе соnсерt of ‘health promotion’, began tо take shape. It has been recognized that public health has neglected the citizen as an individual and that the state has a direct responsibility for the health of the individual. Therefore, in addition to disease control activities, another goal has been added to the planning of health care: promoting the health of individuals. It was launched in the form of personal health services such as maternal and child health services, mental health care and rehabilitation. CEA Winslow, one of the historical figures in the history of public health in 1920, defined the planning of public health as “the science and art of preventing disease, extending life and promoting health and good organization through organized community efforts.” “.
The first step in the healthcare planning program is an accurate and complete assessment. Once the first assessment is complete, a list of problems should be generated. This can be as simple as a medical diagnosis list. The list of problems can be family or relationship problems that affect the parent’s overall well-being.
After the list of problems, the caregiver must ask: “Can I solve this problem? If so, the health professional’s goal should be to solve that specific problem, and this goal should be specific, measurable and feasible. To achieve this goal must also be measurable and realistic. An example of a problem that could improve is the shortage of healthcare related to hip fractures, which will probably be solved with rehabilitation.
In the event that a medical problem is irreversible, such as diabetes, the next step would be to eliminate other complications or a possible deterioration of health. In the case of such health problems, the goal should be to keep the level of health at an optimal level.
In case of illness, where other health complications are inevitable, the goal must be to improve the quality of life. It should be noted that for all medical problems, the approach must be ordered by the doctor. The planning process for healthcare is never completed until the patient is out of the current healthcare facility. A periodic re-evaluation of the schedule is also required when the patient is out. Ultimately, the goal of the health care plan is to guide all those involved in the care of the patient and to offer appropriate treatment.